Berlin Wall: Not Black And White

The Berlin Wall was a concrete barrier built to separate the city of West Berlin from East Germany. The Wall, commissioned by the German Democratic Republic, was thinking about among the very best defense structures of that duration, with popular defense methods, such as anti-vehicle trenches and fakir beds to its credit. The broad location in the vicinity was referred to as the ‘Death Strip’, owing to the notoriety it derived during the existence of the Wall. Considering that it was put up in 1961 until its fall in 1989, more than 5000 people attempted to cross the Wall and escape.

When we talk about Berlin we cannot miss out on the Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall was a concrete wall developed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR). This wall was separating GDR from West Germany and West Berlin. The wall had security towers and devices stopping automobiles from passing. Before the wall was developed more than 3.6 million East Germans cross the border and go to West Berlin. The wall was stopping the migration before it was destroyed on the 23rd of August 1989. Today, lots of visitors go to the celebration that is every year on the very same date.

Post World War II, Berlin was divided into 4 sectors with Americans, British, and French in the West and Soviet on the East. In the following year, the concept of ‘Inter-zone pass’ was introduced in order to take a trip between various sectors in Germany. In 1948, West Berlin, together with West Germany, received financial aid from the United States through Marshall Plan? a program of financial aid for the reconstruction of Europe. In East Germany, however, the communist system prevailed. This meant that the way of life in West Germany was far better than that in East. Naturally, lots of people realized that getting away to the West was their only wish for survival.

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What followed next was an even bigger blow, as Germany was divided into 2 currency zones on June 23, 1948. The ratio of currency between West Germany and East Germany was 4:1, suggesting 1 DM of West was equal to 4 DM of East. This prompted many people from the East to cross over to the other side for much better opportunities. During this migration, East Germany lost a substantial number of knowledgeable employees. The period between 1948 and 1949 also saw the initiation and the removal of the Berlin blockade by the Soviet Union.

Digging Deeper into Berlin Wall

On May 26, 1952, the entire border in between West Germany and East Germany was obstructed by Soviet forces, except for the sectorial border in between West Berlin and East Berlin. As an outcome, anybody wanting to leave for West had to enter West Berlin and after that run away to other parts of West Germany. This was precisely what ratings of individuals did. Between 1949 and 1961, roughly 2 million people left for East Germany in the West. This was a substantial number, considering that the then population of East Germany was only 17 million. The German Democratic Republic was left with no alternative, however to close the border in between East and West Berlin in order to avoid this emigration. Thus, on August 13, 1961, the Berlin sectorial border was closed by constructing an obstacle, which became referred to as the Berlin Wall.

In the East, the wall was frequently described as ‘The Anti-Fascist Protection Wall’, while in the West, it was called the ‘Wall of Shame’. The Berlin Wall held ground for nearly three years, throughout which it didn’t simply modify the history of Germany, but also affected the world history. Historians believe that it is difficult to evaluate how the situations would have been without the Wall; some think things would have been better, some say they would have been worse.